Menopause is the physiological period in a woman’s life, during which, against the background of an age-related decrease in ovarian function, a complex biological transformation of various functions of the female body occurs, the activity of individual structures of the central nervous system (CNS) is rebuilt, and the activity of the autonomic nervous system changes. Involutional processes in the reproductive system are characterized by the termination of reproductive function which in turn provokes the cessation of menstruation.
According to world statistics, the average age of the onset
of menopause is 45-55 years. But, there are exceptions: in about 8% of women,
the change began earlier than 40 years and 5% of recipients felt the menopause
signs in 58-60 years. The menopause is a purely individual phenomenon, and
various factors can influence its occurrence. What are the symptoms of
Symptoms of menopause
There are definite factors that provoke the signs of
menopause manifestations onset:
Genetic predisposition on the part of the mother;
Operations on the mammary glands and internal genital organs;
Taking medications that affect the level of estrogen in the body, and change the metabolic rate;
Conducting radio- and chemotherapy;
The presence of chronic diseases.
What are the 22 symptoms of menopause?
The main symptom of menopause is a partial or complete
cessation of menstruation. But, besides this, women may also face other
problems. The 22 symptoms of menopause have a different nature: psychological
Almost every woman with the onset of menopause, and people
around her notice such significant psychological changes:
heart rhythm disturbance: arrhythmia, tachycardia, and arterial hypertension.
The symptoms of menopause in women listed above are
characteristic of a normal physiological process, however, there are cases when
women have non-typical symptoms during the menopause, including:
Hypertension, the development of a hypertensive crisis;
Hormonal system disorders;
Exacerbation of chronic diseases of the liver, stomach, and kidneys.
As a result, decreased estrogen levels lessen calcium
production, this often leads to the development of osteoporosis (brittle
bones). From this disease, both the skeletal system suffers and the condition
of the hair, nails, teeth, and skin is disturbed.
The atypical manifestations of menopause signs can also
include the risk of developing cancer of the chest and pelvic organs. At risk
of developing atypical symptoms of early menopause are women who lead an
unhealthy lifestyle (obesity, alcohol abuse, smoking), have chronic diseases of
the internal organs, are malnourished and are subject to the influence of other
It should be noted that self-medication of
menopause symptoms and attempts to independently eliminate unpleasant signs can
have negative consequences. Only a doctor, based on the individual
characteristics of the woman’s body, can give all the necessary recommendations
and prescribe the right treatment.
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