Health Advice,  Personal Health

The List of 22 Symptoms of Menopause

Menopause is the physiological period in a woman’s life, during which, against the background of an age-related decrease in ovarian function, a complex biological transformation of various functions of the female body occurs, the activity of individual structures of the central nervous system (CNS) is rebuilt, and the activity of the autonomic nervous system changes. Involutional processes in the reproductive system are characterized by the termination of reproductive function which in turn provokes the cessation of menstruation.

According to world statistics, the average age of the onset of menopause is 45-55 years. But, there are exceptions: in about 8% of women, the change began earlier than 40 years and 5% of recipients felt the menopause signs in 58-60 years. The menopause is a purely individual phenomenon, and various factors can influence its occurrence. What are the symptoms of menopause?

Symptoms of menopause

There are definite factors that provoke the signs of menopause manifestations onset:

  •  Genetic predisposition on the part of the mother;
  •  Operations on the mammary glands and internal genital organs;
  •  Taking medications that affect the level of estrogen in the body, and change the metabolic rate;
  •  Conducting radio- and chemotherapy;
  •  Bad habits;
  •  The presence of chronic diseases. 

What are the 22 symptoms of menopause?

The main symptom of menopause is a partial or complete cessation of menstruation. But, besides this, women may also face other problems. The 22 symptoms of menopause have a different nature: psychological and physical.

Almost every woman with the onset of menopause, and people around her notice such significant psychological changes: 

  1.  Vulnerability;
  2.  Excessive irritability;
  3.  Tearfulness;
  4.  Frequent mood changes;
  5.  Insomnia;
  6.  Depression;
  7.  Anxiety;
  8.  Unreasonable sense of fear;
  9.  Nervousness;
  10.  Drowsiness. 

In addition to psychological changes, women also experience physical symptoms of menopause, including: 

  1.  irregular periods;
  2.  excessive periods;
  3.  excessive sweating;
  4.  hot flashes;
  5.  discomfort, itching, and dryness in the vagina;
  6.  heart rhythm disturbance: arrhythmia, tachycardia, and arterial hypertension. 

The symptoms of menopause in women listed above are characteristic of a normal physiological process, however, there are cases when women have non-typical symptoms during the menopause, including: 

  1.  Hypertension, the development of a hypertensive crisis;
  2.  Periodic headache;
  3.  Hormonal system disorders;
  4.  Urinary retention;
  5.  Frequent urination;
  6.  Exacerbation of chronic diseases of the liver, stomach, and kidneys.

As a result, decreased estrogen levels lessen calcium production, this often leads to the development of osteoporosis (brittle bones). From this disease, both the skeletal system suffers and the condition of the hair, nails, teeth, and skin is disturbed. 

The atypical manifestations of menopause signs can also include the risk of developing cancer of the chest and pelvic organs. At risk of developing atypical symptoms of early menopause are women who lead an unhealthy lifestyle (obesity, alcohol abuse, smoking), have chronic diseases of the internal organs, are malnourished and are subject to the influence of other adverse factors. It should be noted that self-medication of menopause symptoms and attempts to independently eliminate unpleasant signs can have negative consequences. Only a doctor, based on the individual characteristics of the woman’s body, can give all the necessary recommendations and prescribe the right treatment.

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The List of 22 Symptoms of Menopause

by Ervin Lázár

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